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Negative effects of overpopulation

One of the key trends where population growth is concerned, is that it seems to be increasing exponentially, with more children being born per minute than a decade ago. Thanks to the various advances in the field of medicine, our average lifespan has increased. Earlier on, natural diseases and other calamities served a natural purpose by culling a certain percentage of our population but due to the various advances and strides, we have made both in the field of fetal treatment and vaccination, which has resulted in saving countless lives. One of the unexpected results of such a move is the impact on population growth which has trebled over the last two decades.

Negative effects of overpopulation

Of course, one could ask why we should be concerned about population growth and the fact is that we should be extremely worried about the same. The resources, that we consider essential to life are limited – be it potable water or energy. Both of these are limited and one of the negatives of population growth is that it will only be a matter of a few generations before demand fast outstrips the supply. As it is, more than half the world population, or about 3 billion live on less than two USD a day and have little or no access to adequate drinking water, health facilities or for that matter, adequate nourishment. And if our population keeps on growing unchecked at the same pace, it is not a question of ‘if’ but when, we run out of space, in more ways than one.

As of to date, there are several locations, across the world, starting with Ethiopia where famine is endemic and more of a way of life than an aberration. And if our population continues with the same exponential growth curve, it is only a matter of time before the whole world goes hungry. And of course, such a scenario would be a global disaster, leading to death and destruction all around. To put it in perspective, such a situation may even lead to an outbreak of hostilities over water resources or access to energy resources. In fact, the Gulf war was fought on the basis of the same and it Is not that unrealistic to imagine the same scenario taking place again.

This is not to imply that we should cull our population but that it is high time we took effective measures to both protect the public at large, our current resources and take initiatives to help educate the public about the dangers of overpopulation. At the same time, governments all over should start thinking outside the box and explore new sources for both potable water and energy – both of which are bare essentials, that we require to maintain our quality of life.  At the end of the day, we are responsible for our population growth and for managing the limited resources that we currently have access to, which is why we need to take effective action today to prevent the dangers of overpopulation from overwhelming our way of life itself.

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Negative effects of illegal immigration

‘The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence’ and that happens to be one of the main motivating factors behind illegal immigration. While earlier on, illegal immigration was just about tolerated, the current US government has started to crack down on the same which forces us to take a closer look at some of the negative effects associated with it. Illegal immigration can also be good in the sense it provides companies with cheap labor. But other than that, illegal immigration is mostly bad and here’s why

Negative effects of illegal immigration

  • Low-income jobs: While it is true that illegal immigration provides companies with a ready source of cheap labor, the fact remains that it depresses the wage for the low-level entry jobs. Furthermore, as these immigrants are ready to work at an extremely low wage, they are often preferred over American citizens, resulting in a loss of jobs for the American worker, even If these jobs are menial or entry-level jobs.
  • Loss in tax receipts: Illegal immigration causes a drop in tax receipts on two accounts; for starters, companies can get away from having to pay any taxes if they hire illegal migrants and for another, illegal migrants who land a job are not required to pay any taxes either. Illegal immigrants are not required to pay any taxes since they are in the country illegally.
  • Educational costs: Children of illegal immigrants are still required to attend government-funded school; and while the fees are low and are generally covered by taxes paid by honest taxpayers, the fact remains that these children face an uneven future. Since their parents are illegal immigrants, they cannot become American citizens and can be sent back to their country of origin at any point in time. This results in high stress which can have a long-term health impact.
  • Healthcare: Illegal immigrants do not have access to basic healthcare but very few doctors or physicians will turn away an illegal immigrant who happens to be sick. More often than not the taxpayer ends up footing these expensive medical bills as well. According to Pew research, the number of illegal immigrants in the US was around 11 million in 2015, and when you take into account the rising health care costs, it is apparent to all that illegal immigration is fast turning into a crisis of massive proportions.
  • Crime: Since illegal immigrants can only apply for entry level and/ or menial jobs, most turn to a life of crime and violence. This has led to an endless cycle of violence with more migrants turning to a life of crime. Apart from this, the restrictions and the fact that they can only apply for low-end jobs has often pushed the person to become addicted to one substance or the other.

These are some of the negative aspects of illegal immigration which is why we need to consider this carefully and take the required measures necessary to limit and contain the problem called illegal immigration.

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Negative effects of air pollution

The earth has certainly transformed in the last century and not for the better either. Thanks to industrialization and the fact that several industries continue pumping toxic chemicals into the atmosphere, it has indeed become a lot harder to breathe, especially in densely populated locations. From pumping vast amounts of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane and sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere it has had a visible impact on society itself.

Negative effects of air pollution

With more respiratory diseases being diagnosed, air pollution has been identified to be one of the causative factors behind the current outbreak. In fact, it is during winter that things get really bad as most of the air pollution turns into a chemical cocktail and descends on the city in the form of a haze, making the whole city, unlivable. It is time that we took a closer look at some of the negative effects of air pollution

Long exposure to air pollution can result in your health taking a beating.

Irritation of the mucous membrane: Long exposure to air pollution can cause you to experience everything from irritation of the nose, eyes and throat. It can cause your eyes to well up, as well as nausea and bouts of a severe headache. If you do not take care, it can even lead you to experience issues like bronchitis.

Cancer: Air pollution is also one of the contributing factors behind the sudden spurt in lung and respiratory cancer, especially in cities across China. China which currently leads the list when it comes to the most polluted city on earth has to face prolonged smog conditions, come winter. And as the smog is but a chemical cocktail, it has a long-term impact on your health. Several studies have pointed out that air pollution is one of the main culprits behind the sudden increase in cancer cases pan-China.

Acid rain: As more greenhouse gases from sulfur dioxide to carbon monoxide build up in the atmosphere, they interact with the nitrogen gases already present in the atmosphere. As a result of the interaction, they later fall down as acid rain, and as the name implies, acid rain can effectively destroy food crops.

Global warming: As the greenhouses build up in the atmosphere, they help to increase the mean temperature of the earth. This, in turn, impacts the current weather directly, and help melt both the polar caps at a fast pace.  This, in turn, will help to increase the current sea level by as much as 60 feet which means that most, if not all the coastal cities will be inundated.

Ozone depletion: Ozone plays a critical role by blocking all forms of radiation and without this ozone layer; we would be at the mercy of cosmic radiation. Unfortunately, these greenhouse gases seem to be interacting with the ozone layer and depleting the same.

These are some of the associated side effects of air pollution. This is why you may want to take care when you are planning to head out – make sure that you are wearing the right gear, including an all purpose  mask

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Negative effects of fracking

If you are not sure that fracking is all about, then you need to know that fracking is the process of injecting warm and hot liquids into the strata, at high pressure to create enormous pressure on the lower strata and cause a fissure. This is usually done to get to the oil and gas buried at great depths. And while fracking seems to be a success from a commercial point of view, a slew of recent reports has shown how fracking is poisoning the very air we breathe.  To know more about the negative effects of fracking, do read on.

The negative effects of fracking

Fumes:  as a result of hydraulic fracturing, noxious fumes are being pumped into the atmosphere; at the moment, there exists little by way of effective legislation to regulate these activities and the end result is that site zero or rather the point of origin is slowly infecting the environment around. It has accelerated in the last few years to the point that people who have no connection with fracturing activities that take place on site are getting sick as a result of the noxious fumes.

Global pollution: Fracturing is pumping large amounts of methane, carbon dioxide, and other noxious gases directly into the atmosphere; additionally it is also infecting the ground water in and around the main area which seeps into other water bodies thereby infecting more people in the process. The various noxious gases being pumped into the atmosphere is accelerating greenhouse effect; that may be a bit of an overreach but one thing is for certain- these activities are indeed contributing to the issue of global warming.

Respiratory issues: As drilling towards the reservoirs of oil and gas moves along at a fast pace, deep drilling has started to have an impact on the health of the locals. A recent study by CDC has shown that deep fracturing has started causing respiratory diseases among the locals, causing them to experience everything from a cough to shortness of breath, arrhythmia and even develop serious cardiovascular issues. A few strokes have even been directly linked to the close proximity with site zero.

On-site pollution: Those who live or work at the wells or at site zero run the highest risk; they are more at risk of developing the above-mentioned issues and apart from this, are also exposed to carcinogenic materials in a regular basis. As a result, they soon start developing a range of problems from the eye, ear and throat irritation to headaches, direct impact on the nervous system as a result of the highly concentrated toxins they breathe in.

These are some of the side effects that fracking causes and one that governments’ world over should sit-up and take note before it becomes too late. It is important for companies to adopt safer methods for drilling oil and gas out of the strata rather than resort to fracking which has a long term impact on both the surrounding environment as well as the lives of the locals.

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Negative effects of DACA

DACA or the immigration bill was meant to address the issue of immigration but the Obama administration could only apply for a short-term executive order. The issue was meant to address illegal migration and the fact that most of the children of these illegal migrants who had spent their whole lives in the US stand the risk of getting deported to a country they had never been to, in the first place.

Negative effects of DACA

The Obama administration tried out a half-hearted measure to resolve this, and this resulted in the DACA bill being introduced in the floor of the assembly. But the measure really does not do much which is why we need to take a closer look at some of the negative effects of DACA.

Spotlight: One of the handicaps of the DACA bill is that it effectively brings back illegal migrants under the spotlight and to the attention of customs and immigration officials. While DACA enables those illegal migrants with children to stay in the US and seek job opportunities as well as other benefits, it nevertheless necessitates them in enrolling in the DACA program. In other words, they would have to document their stay in the US, as well as their work history and share their current address. In short, they have to come out from the shadows and as a result, run the risk of being deported at a moment’s notice.

Education: The DACA is quite vague on certain specifics; for example according to DACA children of illegal migrants are not eligible for federal benefits which in turn can have an effect on their health, education and even social life. Moreover, they cannot apply for any federal aid to continue advanced studies and have to make do with state aid. One can claim that the DACA managed to rescind the hope of many of these children, with a single bill.

Immigration: DACA contrary to popular belief is not a solution to the issue of illegal migration; it is not even a good band-aid. What it does is that it effectively postpones the inevitable, and after a while, the current administration is going to deport all DACA immigrants, children and parents alike. There are various cases pending in the courts and various tribunals regarding DACA and it remains to be seen if the courts have something to say on the issue.

Deporting hundreds of thousands of illegal migrants and their children to countries they had not seen for a long while is not good for them. But it is also worthwhile to remember that the issue of illegal immigration is a serious one which is why some measures should be taken to avoid the high cost that DACA comes with. This is why it may be necessary to file a suit against the current US government before any additional measures are taken. You may also want to read up more DACA, its implication for everyone, and what it entails. Illegal immigration is a real issue and one which certainly deserves more than a band-aid fix.

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Negative effects of Fossil fuels

Fossil fuel is essentially fossilized organic compounds, that have been subjected to extremes of temperature and pressure, which results in these dead organisms (both flora and fauna) being transformed into oil, gas and coal. As a result of earth’s geological activity, this transformation takes place and this essentially becomes the fossil fuel. As mankind developed, we found a way to tap into these fossil fuels, located miles below the surface and use the same for energy, as well as other purposes. In fact, modern life as you know it happens to be based on the premise that the fuel supply would be endless. Well, it isn’t, the earth is fast running out of fossil fuels and the current supplies including the latest estimated reserves of oil and gas are supposed to last for another few decades.

Negative effects of Fossil fuels

The more moot question is what happens when we do run out of fossil fuels? This is why many governments are spending millions in research trying to come up with an alternate form of energy including exploring various ideas. But continued exploitation of fossil fuels has led to the release of methane, carbon dioxide gases into our atmosphere. Since industrialization, our dependence on fossil fuels has become more extensive and as a result, several billion metric tons of greenhouse gases have been pumped directly into the atmosphere, especially over the last few decades. This has resulted in the earth warming up, which has started to impact our weather. The mean daily temperature has gone up and has spiked over the last few years, resulting in both the polar ice caps being depleted. At this rate, even Greenland with its massive ice cap would be without its glacial cover, in less than forty years as would both the poles be.

Does the loss of polar ice caps mean that big a deal? In one word,  yes, for the polar caps contains fresh water and to put it in perspective, if the Greenland ice cap along with polar caps melt, it should raise the sea level by 200 feet. This would render most coastal areas uninhabitable and apart from this, it would cause widespread devastation, kill millions and render more homeless. And that’s just the start; as we use fossil fuels more, and the more greenhouse gases we pump into the atmosphere, our very fabric of life could come unhinged as temperatures start to soar on our planet.  With excess freshwater being released into the oceans, this will impact the weather and cause more freak weather phenomenon to take place, with increasing regularity. Apart from this, the runaway greenhouse effect will cause temperatures to shoot globally, leading to both crop failure as well as drying of available water resources, leading to all of the earth becoming transformed into a big dust bowl.  And as an icing on the cake, we may well have to get used to acid rain as well.

These are some of the negative effects of over-reliance on fossil fuels; it is high time that mankind devoted more resources and energy to try and tap an alternate source of energy, one which does not lead to earth getting toasted in the process,

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Positive and negative effects of Martial law in Philippines

 One of the few nations to have instituted martial law as a normal process or state of affairs happens to be none other than the Philippines. The Philippines, ever since it got its independence nearly a century ago, has had to face circumstances wherein the rights of its citizens from civil rights, right to due process, privileges were all suspended. It should also be pointed out that the Philippine government of the time, instituted martial law after declaring emergency either for the whole nation or for sections of it, especially those considered as hostile to the government in question.

Positive and negative effects of Martial law in Philippines

In retrospect, the declaration of emergency and the institution of martial law at the will of the executive set in place a precedent which continues to this day. It gave carte blanche to the head of the government, to declare an emergency with very little factual proof to back up the same. In fact, a few historians have even castigated some of the western nations for tolerating this sham of an emergency. In fact, many of the journalists covering these events had recorded evidence of police brutality being exercised against opposition members.

Some of the positive effects of martial law:

It should still be pointed out that during the last few decades’ rights from the civil war, riots did break out frequently. And the government of the day was able to quell these riots, institute law, and order, and ensure that life carried on as usual or near usual by imposing martial law. The martial law which came with an overreaching control over the resources of the state saw the Philippines utilized the same to strengthen its infrastructure and develop a robust economic model.

Some of the negative effects of the Martial law in the Philippines:

The frequent declaration of martial law did indeed set a bad precedent, one which President Marcos employed to great effect, by conferring on himself the powers of the legislative and the judiciary in 1972. The Philippines has seen several dictators come and go in the recent past, and yet, the urge for personal gratification at the cost of one’s freedom and democracy seems to run rife to this day. While earlier periods of emergency did have some factual basis resulting in the imposition, the later ones did not and Marcos took this as an opportunity to dismantle the very basis of the 1935 constitution. He went on to craft a constitution that declared certain groups, namely the communists as an enemy of the state. Keep in mind that some of the detractors of the Marcos regime and its trappings of aggrandization happened to be members of the communists’ party, who were often some of the chief opponents of Marcos. It was during this period that saw the disappearance of Marcos’ chief opponents and one can guess why.

However, with the 1973 constitution, democracy or a sort of democracy was restored with Marcos as the president with no end to his tenure in sight. Most of the human rights groups often consider this period to be one of the darkest because Marcos was now free to literally hunt out all his opponents under the guise of emergency and that’s exactly what he did.

Martial law, where one’s rights and privileges including fundamental rights are suspended and a curfew are instituted in place is something that most nations resort to as the last choice. But as far as the Philippines is concerned, that often seemed to be the very first thing that most of their leaders have opted for, which only goes on to show you that the Philippines is yet to come to terms with its own independence or for that matter, democracy.

Marcos went on to rule the nation until 1986 when he was forced to abdicate his office and was forced to leave on exile. After Marcos, there were at least a few other incidents of martial law where sections of Philippines was placed under martial law to subvert and even prevent riots, as well as opposition protests on some of the current government’s policies. But what became apparent shortly thereafter, was that there was an unofficial purge being carried out against non-Muslims in and around Mindanao, where even schools were bombed for one reason or the other. The Philippines government is yet to give any clear explanation for this other than to reaffirm the fact that emergencies or appearance of a civil unrest is enough to get the government of the day to impose martial law either on specific areas or on the nation as a whole. It is indeed a pity that the Philippines, despite its long independence, is yet to truly enjoy any and any opposition to the government of the day may well result in your civil rights being suspended indefinitely.

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