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Education General

Positive and negative effects of knowledge

Positive and negative effects of knowledge

Positive and negative effects of knowledge

Knowledge is an understanding or awareness of facts, skills, or information. One gains knowledge by discovering or learning from experiences or education. In every field of education, its definition is different and is a cause of debate among philosophers and intellectuals. The internet has eased the access to information regarding any subject or topic which enhances our knowledge. But, whether this information is true and reliable, is questionable. Other than theoretical knowledge, we analyze our circumstances and experiences to gain information that academic books can’t provide. Though knowledge provides numerous benefits, one can’t miss knowing its gloomy side. Let us discuss the positive and negative effects of knowledge below.

Positive effects of knowledge:

Here are few advantages that knowledge grants to an individual and mankind.

Develop nation

Every nation wants a high knowledgeable leader. To run a country, a leader must know the conditions of citizens and their expectations. A correct information and knowledge help in making favorable and welfare policies with productive outcomes. Knowledge helps in examining provisions and predicts the result of measures taken to achieve an objective. Thus, by making accurate decisions, knowledge takes a nation upward on the ladder of development. Experts, intellectuals, and businessmen with high knowledge contributes in the economic growth of a nation.

Make wise decisions

Knowledge enhances the mental stimulation. It provides the ability to infer things correctly. With high cognitive processing, a person can acknowledge the numerous possible outcomes of a situation and can make a fair decision by comprehending them. In addition, it helps in analyzing all career opportunities and in making a suitable choice.

Respect principles and values

Studies have concluded that consistent reading and learning makes a person better observer. A person with greater observation sees society differently and helps in making it better, by kindness. One realizes that satisfaction and content come from within and welfare of needy people. Knowledge makes a person moral and brings a positive attitude. Thus, the information provides a path to endless happiness.

Improves thinking and learning

Knowledge comes through reading which helps in developing thinking skills and improves learning ability. Those with a rich base of factual knowledge find it easier to learn new things. It enhances cognitive processes like problem solving and reasoning. When we have a background knowledge of a topic, our brain makes a connection between prior information and new reading. With prior knowledge, we get to learn extra as our working memory has huge space for new facts. This way, we become capable of retaining new facts and our mental stimulation improves.

Help achieve goals

As they grow, people focus on specific skills to achieve their goals. Every work kind requires different mental abilities. Many define skills as critical and cognitive mental processing. But, without better learning of a particular field, one finds it difficult to excel those skills. Having prior knowledge of a specific subject helps us master it and attain our objectives. It allows firms to make informed and better choices.

Technology advancement

Today, science and technology have reached an indefinable position. The technology discovered hitherto is ‘prior knowledge’ and with its help, the scientists are moving toward advanced technology. Knowledge helps scientists invent new machines. It develops businesses who use modern technology and enhances their growth.

Negative effects of knowledge:

Though knowledge is an asset in several aspects, the consequences might turn negative at times.

Destruction ability

Knowledge engenders nuclear weapons and terrorist organizations. People, who could have been scientists and researchers, have become suicide bombers and mass shooters. Creation of atom bombs has increased stress among communities and nationals. Today, terror is widespread across the globe and nations are holding multilateral conventions to find a solution. In a way, knowledge contributes to the disturbance in peaceful environment and society.

Negative competition

Knowledge has increased the competition among youngsters, businesses, and nations. It has led to the suicides among students with lower abilities. An employee with high knowledge sets a mark, which other colleagues find difficult to achieve. In addition, it lowers their motivation and self-esteem. At times, it may cause rivalry among employees in extreme situation, which can muddle the overall functioning and management of an organization.

Knowledge grows exponentially. Along with it, comes the power to create or destroy. Effective regulation in an education system is a productive step. The teachers and parents must impart righteous values in their students and children so that they can make fair decisions in future. With a responsive mind and attitude, one can make better use of knowledge and help in surviving mankind and humanity.

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Education General Health

Positive and negative effects of genetic engineering

Genetic engineering is one of the most amazing advancements made in the scientific field in modern times. It can be defined as the process of manipulating the DNA in order to modify it. The DNA is the blueprint of every organism, the building block if you will. As you can imagine, the ability to modify this very structure gives man almost godlike powers. Being able to modify DNA means you can potentially create anything out of a creature. Naturally, thanks to its immense potential for both good and bad, the scientific community and the laymen have responded variously to genetic engineering. Like everything else, even this great advancement has its own share of pitfalls. In this article, we will look at both sides of the issue.

Positive and negative effects of genetic engineering

Positive effects of genetic engineering:

We will first see how genetic engineering can be put to good use.

Eradicate diseases

The biggest advantage of genetic engineering is, of course, in the field of diseases. Genetic diseases can be completely eliminated by the implementation of genetic engineering. Sine genetic anomalies cause certain diseases, scientists can introduce mutations in the genes that would eradicate the possibility of such diseases from occurring, thus completely eradicating hereditary illnesses such as diabetes, heart diseases, and even some forms of cancer. Not only that; people who have contracted diseases from external influences can be cured by removing the gene that fell prey to the influence. Genetic engineering can also be use to make people healthier by introducing mutations that lead to stronger immunity and longer life spans.

Help in biotechnology

Biotechnology stands to gain immense benefits from genetic engineering. And this is not the stuff science fiction is made of; even today, scientists are actively deliberating the possibility of xenotransplantation, or the transplant of living tissues from one organism to another. Animals possessing organs with similar properties as those in humans are being debated for use in transplantation; for instance, pigs, which are similar in physiology and tissue structure to humans, are being actively considered for heart and lung transplants. Needless to say, this will have far reaching effects on human life; the wait for suitable organs will definitely become much shorter if animal organs can be harvested, and vice versa.

Eradicate world hunger

With an ever growing population, food shortage in the near future has become a worrying possibility. Genetic engineering can do a lot of good in this respect. Plants are already being modified to contain more nutrients and produce more crops, and this process can be accelerated further. If more and more genetically modified crops are produced, there will be a drive to make the process cheaper, and the wide availability of crops will bring down food prices all over the world. Needless to say, channeled properly, genetic engineering does have the propensity to permanently eradicate hunger and related diseases from the world map.

Negative effects of genetic engineering:

All said and done, there are some very distinctly worrying consequences of genetic engineering.

The uncertainty

The biggest concern is of course the uncertainly that is born out of the unfamiliarity of the whole thing. Since this is a fairly new processes and mostly in the research stage, many people are worried that it might lead to unforeseen complications.  The introduction of a mutation in the gene might give positive results, but it might turn the tables and turn into a rogue gene that will corrupt the entire system. It might give rise to new diseases that will have no cure for years to come.

Biological warfare

On a bigger scale, the possibility of militant groups harnessing the process of genetic engineering is very real. Genetically engineered virus and bacteria can be created and unleashed on the world as very effective, and deadly, biological weapons. It will certainly not be a fun scenario to be in a world where there is the constant threat of being affected by a virus or bacteria that has been genetically engineered to resist all known attempts of killing them.

The newness of genetic engineering has caused it to meet with a lot of skepticism, and although not all of the criticism is grounded in solid facts or science, they are certainly worth giving a thought. The biggest point of contention against genetic engineering is that it is not man’s place to play God, that is, make changes that go against the natural order of things. However, this doesn’t really hold up, considering that humans and animals would have very short life spans if nature had been given free rein to run its course. There are of course some inherent dangers to genetic engineering, and it is up to the scientists to weigh the pros and cons before they embark on massive steps.

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Education General

Positive and negative effects of Science

This might be the umpteenth time you will be reading a huge article on the merits and demerits of science. However, it seems like we cannot really differentiate between the boons and devils of science. One cannot debate on the fact that science plays an inseparable part in everyone’s life. Directly or indirectly, everyone is affected by the progression of science. In the context of a fast-paced life, we need to stall a bit and evaluate ourselves and question whether every progression made in every possible sector of science are justified or not.

Positive effects of Science:

• Convenience: It is amazing as how times have changed. It took us eternity to develop a non-human mode of transportation, but the recent couple of centuries saw us traveling over the mountains and beyond the waters. You can travel back and forth covering the deepest and darkest corners there are to explore. We can communicate to our dear ones sitting at one end of the World to the other. With the introduction of Artificial Intelligence, one does not even need to talk, but simulate a healthy conversation or run a chore.

• Dramatic increase of lifespan: Remember reading the horrific plague that almost nullified Europe as much as to the extent of rejuvenating it through the period of Renaissance? Fast forward to the 21st century and you will see people being spoilt for choice, to live, if yes, how many years would they prefer to. It baffles to see such transformation and enhancement in the field of medical science and technology. With the cure to every known disease, or at least the development of new drugs has brightened the survival rate exponentially. Stillborn and other infant fatalities have gone down significantly, and the third World countries are getting back on their feet as well.

• New technologies and better understanding of where we live in: Technology and Science go hand in hand, and there is no doubt that we have been engulfed in the technological world. Technology has been seeped in with such precision and deftness that we don’t really appreciate it that much. Science has also let us know about our Universe, and there is so much more to the 75% Water-25% Land concept. There are many wonders yet to be discovered, and with science one-day humans will acquire the knowledge of infinity with the help of science.

Negative effects of Science:

• Aesthetically wrong at times: Forget the readings and writings of any religious texts and books. Focus on the alteration made possible by science that tend to haunt the mankind in future. Altering the genetic combination tends to disrupt the balance of the nature, and messes with the ecosystem as well. Genetic alterations on animals have proven to give dubious results and have faced a lot of criticism and backlash.

• Used in strengthening war chances: Gone are the days when people used to stamp their authorities through duels and wars were won with horses, elephants, swords, and other man-made weapons. Times have flown by and the nuclear trump card in every countries arsenal has bolstered the chance of destructing the Earth, and killing many in process.

• Stressful information: The deeper you delve into science; more likely you are going to come up with unrequired or harmful information’s. You might end up discovering some lethal elements buried deep down. Overloaded with information has compelled us to make headways into calamitic consequences.

• Overpopulation: One of the most ironical aspects of science. Science tells you the reason why the Earth is being overpopulated and the measures that should be taken to deal with it. On the other hand, science has enabled us to live longer than average expectancy, decreasing the mortality rate immensely. It might be easy to say that one should not opt for such life expectant drugs and operations, but weighing the emotional side of things it becomes difficult to stick to a rational decision.

• People connecting through social media, but drifting away in person: Technology enables us to talk to strangers staying miles away from us, but we don’t bother to communicate in person when we have the chance to. Artificial Intelligence has ignited the virtual method of communication, and that seems to become the norm in years to come.

Science might be a technical and rational component of this Universe, but the sword of morality has been hanging over the head of every person on this planet. One should greet the progression of science with open arms, but needs to check the rapid growth that might do more harm than good eventually.

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Education

Positive and negative effects of education

Education is supposed to be an enlightening process that aims at magnifying our wisdom and store of knowledge. It was a word created to have only positive impacts. However, like every other realm of humanity, education too has its demerits.

Employment, career, etc are possible only if education is present in the equation. Right from the time we are born, it is stressed to us that education is the key to success in life. We are admitted to a school (or started with homeschooling), regardless of our opinion about it. What demerits can this wonderful and apparently essential process have? We shall discuss further in this article.

Positive and negative effects of education

Positive effects of education

• Economic Development
A huge percent of those living in this world come under the category of “poor”. They can’t even afford basic necessities of life like food and clothing – let alone education. However, if educated, a lot of these people can come out of the clutches of poverty – as has been proved by a number of people like Charlie Chaplin and Oprah Winfrey. Yes, indirectly I am pointing at the fact that if you need a job, you gotta get an education!
While the standard of living of individual increases with a steady job, the economy of the country as a whole develops as well.

• Health
Education plays an important role in maintaining the health of an individual. With increased store of knowledge, people are often careful of small symptoms and avoid epidemics. Also, the rates of child mortality amongst the educated class are much lower than that amongst the noneducated ones. HIV is another issue to combat amongst the uneducated. With education, contraception, childbirth, and mating find a whole new meaning which is advantageous not just for the individual but for the society on a whole. It helps the whole society/ region develop as an unhindered race.

• Malnutrition
Malnutrition is a major problem, especially in countries that are underdeveloped. Lack of organizational skills, farming capabilities, and nutritional values lead to malnutrition in the youth of an uneducated society. Malnutrition leads to depletion of a race. It strikes a society with various diseases that may be fatal. Education helps fight this problem and make a society see the path of progress. As Nelson Mandela said, “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”

Negative Effects of Education

• Moral Impact
Education is worsening the level of moral values a child has. It inculcates a kind of competitiveness that borders on unhealthy relationships. Right from the moment, they are admitted to school, children are embedded with an attitude that says personal achievements are everything. They are taught that marks and trophies are everything you need to lead a successful life. The how and why are not so important, just mug up the what – that’s what is taught to a kid. And that’s what he grows up learning. The society has sunk far too deep in this muck to get out now – it is a custom, a tradition to teach our kids to come first in class and no less. This is creating not a wholesome adult but a competitive animal out of our little kids.

• Social responsibility
Education is killing our sense of empathy. If you’re an Indian pedestrian and are run over by a car, it won’t be the car owner who’d rush to help you. It won’t be the manager of that Haute restaurant or the prim and proper secretary from “Mills and sons” who saw you get run over through the glass doors – no. It would be the local tea vendor, the rickshaw driver, and the security guards who lacked educational qualifications to hold high posts who’d rush in to help you. It isn’t the fault of the rich and well-educated ones that they’re incapable of empathy, but it is the fault of education. Modern education systems teach kids to think about themselves – and only about themselves!

• Lack of wisdom
The modern education system is all about getting loads of garbage into a little mind. It expects a student to complete huge portions and that’s what students are doing – but in a wrong way. Rote memory is being stressed on rather than the creative one. This is one of the saddest aspects of modern society – we have knowledge but no wisdom to use it.

To quote John F. Kennedy, “The goal of education is the advancement of knowledge and the dissemination of truth.”

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