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General

Positive and negative effects of the crusades

“If you are an Arabic-speaking, Greek-Orthodox going to a French school it makes you deeply skeptical if you have to listen to three different accounts of the Crusades – one from the Muslim side, one from the Greek side and one from the Catholic side.” – Nassim

Beginning in 1095, the crusades were the wars fought in the medieval era (11th, 12th and the 13th centuries) in the Eastern Mediterranean region, sanctioned by the Church, in an attempt to recover their Holy Land from the Islamic rule. The 196 year long battle was won by the Muslims, but not in a satisfactory form. The Muslims were left too weak to expand their rule over Europe. Jerusalem, the place holy to Islam, Christianity and Judaism was the target region.

The Christians, Muslims and Jews had their share of positive and negative effects during the crusades. The bloody battles were fought for holy rights and with an aim to maintain sanctity, but in reality they were meaningless acts initiated by inhuman feelings amongst those in power.
Nevertheless, they did have their benefits.

Positive and negative effects of the crusades
Positive effects of the crusades

When Christians moved to the Middle East, they learned a lot about the new culture. The West and the East merged their food, culture and ethics for the first time. They learned about a number of new things that were otherwise unknown to them. Also, the economy and trade sectors of both countries flourished. New foods and clothing materials like muslin were now available in the Western markets.

The Muslims also benefited in a similar way. They learned about arms and ammunition that were otherwise foreign to them. The concept of standing army was introduced to them. Also, it was a great opportunity for Muslims to show their unity. They also promoted schools and mosques heavily during that period of the history.

Feudalism was a huge issue in Europe at that time which was solved due to the crusades. The Western Europe got free of the system of feudalism.

Also, medical advancements were noted by Persian and Arabian soldiers. This improved the lifestyle of people living in these countries. The East and the West came together for the first time and gave us a glimpse of the Renaissance.
A heightened knowledge of geography, literature and mathematics was passed to and fro. Cultures intermixed to increase the knowledge of humans and the pages of history were marked with a sense of certain enlightening knowledge.

Negative effects of the crusades

Jews were hit the hardest during the crusades. When crusaders crossed the north of France and Germany, a lot of Jews were killed without cause. Their temples and books were destroyed. Their synagogues were in peril. By the end of the war, Jews had no land to call their own. They were thrown out of the East and were despised by the West. Segregation for the Jews spread throughout Europe and Jews were being killed mercilessly. It severed ties between Christians and Jews.

Monarchy became dominant and the kings increased taxes in order to get funds for the crusades. The Christian and Muslim soldiers were killed in equal numbers. Bloodshed and unrest engulfed the continent. Feudalism ended but the heavy taxes levied by the Monarchs were a burden. Also, a lot of damage to the so called “holy land” was done.
The crusades led to a war between the West and the Middle East that continues till date. The saddest part is that nobody is ready to back off, to apologize. A lot of people were killed. Even more people were enslaved and had to live terrible lives. Aggressive and violent rulers emerged during that era and such leaders continued to poison the minds of the innocent.

A lot of beautiful cities and landscapes were demolished. Technological advancements were lost and research had stopped. Constantinople is an excellent example of the damage done. The city was looted like anything and was left vulnerably helpless.

The crusades played an important role in shaping different religions and their ideologies towards each others. As Karen Armstrong claimed, “Ever since the Crusades, when Christians from western Europe were fighting holy wars against Muslims in the near east, western people have often perceived Islam as a violent and intolerant faith – even though when this prejudice took root Islam had a better record of tolerance than Christianity.”

Crusades were unjustifiable. The fights were meaningless, and the masses participated in it driven by nonsense about religious issues fed to them by those in power at that time. A lot came out of it – but to whose advantage it played is yet to be decided.

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General Health Society

Positive and negative effects of stress

“Happiness is a choice. You can choose to be happy. There’s going to be stress in life, but it’s your choice whether you let it affect you or not.”
– Valerie Bertinelli

Stress, the least favorite of all emotions, is something experienced by each individual at some point in their lives. A man could have died before finding his love, but not before facing stress.

Stress can be defined, echoing the oxford dictionary, as “a state of affair involving demand on physical or mental energy”. Horrendous as it sounds, it has its own merits. Hans Seley, the man to define stress for the first time, differentiated between the good and the bad stress. He called the good stress “eustress” while the bad stress remained “stress”.

You can detect if you’re experiencing unhealthy levels of stress. If you are unable to complete tasks and your attention span has shortened, you catch colds more often, have body aches and diseases, headaches, short tempered and have trouble sleeping or sleep too much, don’t feel like eating or eat too much and are always at your nerves ends – assuming these are not the traits you were born with – you are definitely experiencing loads of stress.
The positive and negative impacts of this emotional state are discussed below.

Positive and negative effects of stress
Positive effects of stress

According to experts, stress is the best motivation in the world. Stress helps to meet deadlines and accomplish goals. Stress in a small dose is extremely beneficial in helping you achieve the impossible.

Stress activates several mechanisms in our body, a stronger memory being one of them. The most important, however, is the fight or flight mechanisms. As soon as our body detects stress, it starts producing chemicals like epinephrine and cortisol which eventually improves our focus. An increased heart rate and sweating is accompanied by the senses to pull your hand back when you touch something hot. The brain is programmed to work better, both emotionally and physically, under moderate amounts of stress. So a little amount of stress in necessary in one’s life. It helps us protect ourselves from the dangers of the outside world. The instincts to duck out a ball hurled your way or to jump out of the range of a rashly driven vehicle is often initiated because of stress.

A moderate level of stress also contributes towards an improved immune system.

So it doesn’t really hurt to be a little stressed at times. Good stress or eustress is a motivator, cognitive enhancer as well as a physical enhancer. Loads of stress, however, is a whole new story. We should definitely not harbor stress in our minds for a prolonged period.

Negative effects of stress

Higher levels of stress decrease the immunity of the body. Fatigue and depression start creeping in. Too much of epinephrine is harmful for the heart. This leads to anxiety attacks and heart disorders.

One may start facing a loss of appetite or an increase in hunger. This decreases the glow of one’s skin and results in him/ her loosing or gaining weight, which is extremely harmful for their metabolism.

One may also develop insomnia. Dark circles would be the least of their problems when fatigue takes a toll. A lack of concentration will be inevitable.

Anger, fear and insecurities start creeping in due to stress which results in an increased amount of epinephrine to be released. Apart from this, hydro-cortisone is also released in our blood. All these factors play up to create a chaos of the body’s homeostasis.

It is extremely harmful for the body as it causes an increasing in our pulse rate. We also tend to sweat and breath faster. Stress can lead to problems like asthma, headaches, backaches, diabetes; heart attacks an can even prove to be carcinogenic. It can cause depression whereby one may attempt suicide, in other words, stress can cause death.

Conclusion:

As humans, it is our duty to be considerate towards one another. Pressure at work and school are the top factors causing stress in our society. But it isn’t healthy to harbor this pressure for prolonged periods. It is our duty to look into our well being and discard stress related issues as trivial.

As Hans Seley puts it, “Adopting the right attitude can convert a negative stress into a positive one. It’s not stress that kills us; it is our reaction to it. Man should not try to avoid stress any more than he would shun food, love or exercise.”

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General

Positive and negative effects of industrialization

Industrialization refers to the development of industries on a wide scale in an expanse of land and region. During industrialization, extensive changes in economy to accommodate the change of crowd from agrarian to an industrial nature had been made. The eighteenth and the nineteenth century saw a lot of the industrial revolution which changed the world. Europe and Britain were the ones to catalyze it. It had its merits and demerits like every other objective in the world. Industrialization paved way for imperialism and the mighty “colonial era”. It was a disaster for certain countries, yet it brought about development that helped sustain the human race to a large extent.
The mid nineteenth century saw the second level of the industrial revolution with the betterment of the steam engines. The East Asia remains the latest region to be industrialized.

Positive and negative effects of industrialization
Positive effects of industrialization

The best outcome of industrialization was a better standard of living. A sense of betterment of social standards was felt worldwide as the level of incomes improved. Factory owners could now manufacture and sell stuff much faster, which meant an increase in the gross sale.

Since factories needed a lot of workers, skilled as well as unskilled, a lot of people found new jobs. The joy of employment radiated off the people, creating a harmonious environment.

A new sense of the value of time and labor was imbedded into people. A lot of time was saved as machines worked longer and faster than humans. This ability mixed with the human efficiency made a terrific combo to initiate world progress. As more products could now be manufactured, the prizes of products went down a notch. Cheaper products meant better access and affordability. The society, on a whole, was coming at par.

The most impactful effect of industrialization was, of course, the development it brought about. Gone were the days when majority of the people lived in farms. Sprawling cities with a huge number of residents sprung up near factories and industries. The concept of Urban and Rural was redefined. Development had a whole new meaning. Urbanization – the act of moving from villages to cities and contribute to its development – was at its peak during industrialization.

Industrialization has also promoted the growth of transportation facilities. With an increasing need to export and import items in a speedy fashion, the transportation sector saw an amazing development era. The world has now become a small place, where you can travel ‘round the globe in a matter of few hours.

Negative effects of industrialization

Child labor saw a rise during the era of industrialization. Factory owners saw the end of all their issues in children as they were the perfect “unskilled” personals for their jobs; they were easier to handle, worked for a fraction of wages their adult counterparts demanded, and could work in little, confined compartments as well.

Slowly, wage slavery came into the scene where workers were paid far less than they deserved. Their working hours were 10-14 hours a day on an average. They were exposed to hazards such as noise pollution, heat pollution and dangerous machinery. Accidents were a common thing with nobody to object to such dangerous working conditions. In desperation to work, workers never complained. Slowly, the workers had less than adequate money to keep up their living standards.

Growing urbanization also led to crowding. City slums were developed where living conditions were horrendous. Pollution was least of their problems as proper hygiene and sanitation disappeared.

Pollution was an alarming problem. Natural resources started getting consumed at an outrageously fast rate and the soil, water and air were polluted beyond repair. Acid rain, death of aquatic life and decreasing fertility of lands were just the beginning.

Local artisans and cottage workers were the most affected by industrialization. They didn’t only lose their job, but mankind lost creative minds. The society slowly became a chaos. Dharnas and strikes became a common occurrence. Inflation was the last nail in the coffin. The poor became a completely different society while the rich were indifferent to such issues.

Factory owners lost their ethics, craving more and more money. Capitalists started making profit at the cost of the common man’s hard earned money. The poor started looting and smuggling. Criminal activities were promoted amongst the poor who had no option but this to stay alive.

Very wise words by Sun Yat-sen remind us of our core duties before embarking on the mission to reach the moon, figuratively speaking. Echoing Yat-sen, I’d say,
“Because of poverty, we must adopt the capitalist means of production to develop our resources to get rich. However, if we ignore the issue of social justice at the beginning of China’s industrialization, we will sow the seeds of class warfare in the future.”

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General

Positive and negative effects of media

Over the past few years, media has been seen taking on the world with a bang. More and more people are becoming dependent on this media for a normal and easy lifestyle. Defining the term, media can be seen as any form of communication in this modern world. Media can be classified under two categories: Print media and electronic media. The Print media refers to the books, newspapers, magazines and other such type of weekly editorials. Whereas Electronic media refers to television, radio, internet, Cable network etc.

Both these types of media have been well received and used by almost everyone on this planet. Many of these media have even made human life easier as there now exists such easy types of communication media. But are these available media options all that good? Not necessarily. Many of these media have negative effects as well as positive effects on the society and students.

The positive and negative effects of media have been listed as follows.

Positive and negative effects of Media

Positive effects of Media:

  • Awareness:

Media such as newspapers, television and internet can be used as on the best means to develop some basic awareness about the world. With the help of media, both teenagers and the adults can get a deeper insight into what is happening today. General awareness about the world is very important to make responsible citizens.

  • Developing Social Skills:

With the help of electronic and print media, people get a chance to develop their social skills. They can interact with new people over the internet. Or they can publish their writings and have a network of reader with whom they interact on a daily basis. It is very important for us to be socially reachable and sound. Media are the greatest way to do that.

  • Inspirational stuff:

Media can be used as a great way to get on with some inspiration. Teenagers can benefit from this for their overall perspective of life. Reading stories and events about some of the great people around the world, or watching s documentary on the television can really help in lifting up their inspiration. Some movies on the television can also work as an inspiration booster which is a must for today’s’ generation.

  • Improved mind-body coordination:

The video games played on the computer or the internet also constitute a major part of media. These games can be seen as a positive way to boost the body and mind coordination among the teenagers. Along with this, their motor skills and coordination is improved overall.

  • Reading/Writing Skills:

Reading newspaper or an education magazine daily helps develop reading or writing skills in an individual. Reading is always good for the mind and soul. Also, various celebrities talking on a TV interview about a book they loved may give you a push to go on and try reading it yourself too. This will have a positive effect on your mind and your reading and writing skills shall definitely be improved. But these benefits cannot sugar-coat the negatives that come with media. There is some truth in what people say today.

Negative effects of Media:

  • Uneven body image perspectives:

With the media ever increasing, the body image and its perceiving has totally been impaired among the new generation. Media sporting celebrities with perfect body shapes and figures has led the new generation to believe that this is the only standard form of a body. Body shaming and disgracing are some common effects of this. Also, media enhancements such as Photoshop has made the true meaning of beauty to fade away which only seems to carry the negative effects.

  • Promoting violence:

Movies on the television and online games on the computer nowadays seem to promote violence openly, making it look very normal. This induces wrong values in the society, especially the children. Media in these terms shows all kind of negative effects on every one.

  • Risky Sexual Behavior:

Media these days is seen to promote too much sexual stuff in every form. Children and teenagers, at their age, are prone to get easily swayed or confused by this. The irresponsible exposure to such stuff only induces a risky sexual behavior among people and children which is not good in any way.

  • Advertisement mania:

Thanks to the media, everything nowadays is getting commercial. Teenagers and children are led to believe that happiness can only be bought, not felt. By commercializing everything, human minds have led to believe that every such thing is good for the society, or at least important.

  • Obesity:

With the increased exposure to media devices, obesity is seen to increase in people. They are hooked to either the electronic media or the print media all day, thus eliminating the outdoor activities.

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General

Positive and negative effects of globalization

In order to understand the positive and negative effects of globalization, we first need to under what globalization actually is. In simple words, globalization is a modernized development of the business world. The process that allows the flow of the business through the nations comes under the era of globalization. Taking a business to expand world-wide and generating revenues from international exposure is what mainly constitutes the globalization here.

To understand globalization, take an example of a shirt you own in your wardrobe. Often, we come across the tag that says ‘Made in China’ or ‘Made in Indonesia’. This means that maybe the silk was prepared in china, assembled in China or Thailand and shipped across the oceans before it reaches your local store. What is actually happening here is globalization. The flow of trade or business among different nations.

Globalization has been around for more than a decade now and is seen to be continuing for further long time. Not only the revenue generation, but globalization has become quite necessary to business world. Positive effects are many. But negative cling along too.

There have been many conflicts between people supporting the positivity of globalization, as well as the negativity of it. When looked closely, both of them seem to make sense. Following are explained some of the positive and negative effects of globalization.

Positive and negative effects of Globalization

Positive Effects of Globalization:

  • For the developing countries, globalization induces knowledge into the western society about the issues taking place here. This accounts for a better opportunity to improve the economy of such developing countries by improving their standard of living.
  • Globalization directly benefits the end customers because the competition witnesses and increase in business. This leads companies to lower their prices which proves to be beneficial for the common man.
  • Due to globalization, the media coverage in developing countries increases, resulting in drawing attention of the world to the human rights violations. Human rights can then be improved and protected because of this.
  • The competition at the global levels directly gives space for the creativity factor to increase and promotes innovation as a whole. The prices for the various services and commodities can also be kept under check in this way.
  • Developing countries are able to reap the benefits of current technology without undergoing many of the growing pains associated with development of these technologies.
  • Increased cooperation and improved interactions helps the governments to be able to work together towards common goals.
  • With the help of globalization, a greater access to foreign culture in the form of movies, music, food, clothing etc. can be pursued. This only increases the number of choices and of course, the awareness of what is going on around the world.

Negative Effects of Globalization:

  • On the negative side, the benefits of globalization are not able to reach everyone equally. The poor tends to getting poorer while the rich tends to get richer.
  • The concept of Outsourcing which is associated with the globalization is responsible for providing jobs to the population of one country. However, on the dark side, it takes away those jobs from another country. This leaves many people out without even giving them a chance.
  • Due to increased interaction through globalization among the different countries, the ideas and innovations of one tends to influence the other. This results in everything getting mixed up, making the individual countries lose their own specific culture and tradition.
  • Globalization inevitably triggers the chance of a disease spreading worldwide. This could include any invasive species that may end up resulting dreadful for the non-native ecosystems.
  • Talking about the international regulation, there is little, or none. This can have a very negative effect on the safety of people and the environment of a nation if taken in the wrong hands.
  • Large fast food firms such as Dominos and Mcdonalds seem to be spreading their franchisee in all parts of the world. This is as a result of the globalization which creates all kinds of negative effects on people’s health. Nations not familiar with such junk type gets easy access to it and end up deteriorating their well-being.

When seen in different contexts, the globalization can prove itself to be a boost for a developing country economy or it can prove to be harmful in certain cases. However, if some specific and strict international regulations can be set up and followed, then the negative effects of this can be taken down to a level where they can be controlled.

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Society

Positive and negative effects of video games

Positive and Negative Effects of Video Games

With the technology advancing, the trend of video games can clearly be seen growing among the teenagers today. According to most teenagers, video games are one of the best recreational activity. Not only a pastime, but it is used as a fun activity and most teenagers and adults enjoy long hours of video gaming. With new controllers and joysticks, playing video games has been made easier and hence more preferable than any outdoor games by most teenagers today.

However, these video games can have adverse effects on children’s health and eyes if extensive addiction is developed. Most parents today are concerned with the number of hours their children are spending on these video games and whether it is good or bad for them. Generally, it is frowned upon and not really liked by the parents when they see their children getting addicted to these games.

The video games cannot be all that bad. They have many positive effects too. But everything in excess is bound to carry negativity as well.
Following are some of the most common positive and negative effects of video games.

Positive and negative effects of video games

Positive Effects of Video Games:

  • Not all video games require you to slouch on to a couch in your living room and never move. Many video games have been recently introduced that do require some kind of physical activity. These are available for both consoles and computers. These help in getting on with some physical activity along with having some fun.
  • With different variations in video games, many are available that involves the maintain of fitness, healthy living or nutrition for the player. Some games stimulate outdoor sports and can be seen as a fun alternative for outdoor exercises. Regardless of the weather outside, they can be done inside the house anytime. These may prove successful in giving gamers a fitness goal to live and keep a healthy lifestyle.
  • Video games help in improving the hand-eye coordination which is a must to be quick and reflexive. They add up to the sports playing skills and general task performing skills of the teenagers.
  • Video games are also helpful for children who lack the socializing ability and skill. Some teenagers fall under the introvert category and find it difficult to talk to people. But with video games and the sense of anonymity and security it offers, teenagers can overcome their fear of interaction and learn the art of opening up to people.
  • Many complex video games teach the teenager how to learn quickly by enhancing their cognitive skills such as problem solving, decision making and reasoning.
  • Good video games teach teenagers about good sportsmanship and fair-play. These values are important to be developed to maintain a healthy competition in everything.
  • Not only are these video games a recreational activity, they are also really good stress busters. Teenagers face a lot of stress including studies, fitting in, parents’ expectations. Video games can be a great way to cool off and lighten up once in a while.
  • Many online video games require teenagers to interact and cooperate with their teams. This induces a sense of Cooperation and team work which are important traits that must be developed in a teenager from the start.

Negative effects of Video Games:

  • Most video games today are violent in nature. These can easily lead to the development of an aggressive behavior among the students. They may start believing in violence which is not good.
  • When teenager spend long hours gaming, their addiction results in isolating them from the outer world. They are not able to socialize with the real world any more or are not interested in other activities such as reading, writing etc.
  • Some video games induce wrong moral values in teenagers. This may be against the women, displaying them as weak.
  • Long hours of video games results in weak academic performance. Addiction to these video games makes the teenagers lose their interest in studies and hence their performance suffers.
  • Long hours of video gaming can have deteriorating effects on teenager’s health. Long hours of screen exposure can weaken their eye sight. Extensive gaming hours can lead to back pains and posture malfunction because of sitting and not moving all day. Chances of headaches can also swoop in due to prolonged exposure of the computer screen.

As they say, excess of everything is bad. So, if you try to keep the habit of video gaming under control, it will serve you in all the positive ways. While the excess of the same will cause havoc on your health and lifestyle.

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General

Positive and negative effects of imperialism

Imperialism refers to the policy of extending a countries power over other regions and countries through colonization or military use. In the late 20th century, a number of countries were fighting for freedom. Countries like America and India became independent of imperialism and are now democratic.
However ill this concept sounds, it has done a lot to develop the world. It has its positive sides as well as the negative ones.

Positive and negative effects of Imperialism

Positive effects of Imperialism

It is needless to mention how positive it is for the imperialists. Imperialism gave the imperialists a new market, a new labor force, a new supply of raw materials. Cheap and easy to find raw materials and labor force was the main attraction for the industrialists to imperialize certain countries.

The efforts put in by Europe to colonize weak countries resulted in improvement of education and sanitation in the colonized countries. Countries such as African regions were so desolate that they needed proper education facilities. Literacy rates came up. In major parts of the world, the education system being followed was set up by the imperialists themselves. A thriving example is India itself. With moderations, it is definitely following the British system of Education.

Africa specially gained a lot from Imperialism. Schools and hospitals were built. Factories were set up increasing job opportunities. Unemployment was well taken care of during Imperialism. Also, with betterment of medical services, average life expectancy went up.

Imperialism brought about a lot of political order and stability in many of the colonies. Africa was tamed, one can say. Regional disputes and warfare were stopped, unnecessary wars curbed.

The products manufactured by the colonies were sold in the international market, hence making the colonies richer. The colonies expanded economically.

Nations unified and globalization following imperialism. Also, in the process to get rid of imperialists, nations came together within themselves. Garbage collectors and business men – all came together to form a team and rid the country of outsiders. It marked the history pages with proof that anything can be won if we’re united enough.

Negative effects of Imperialism

One of direct effects of imperialism was that colonies lost their lands and were under the control of their colonizers. There was no place to call one’s own and it was a pathetic condition for natives.

Diseases like small pox were carried out of Europe and into the colonies. Due to such diseases people died, since they had no resistance to them. Africa was a major victim here.

In the imperial states, natives were subjected to slavery. They lost their sense of independence and were assaulted mentally as well as physically.

The mother nations were subjected to heavy taxation policies, draining them of their wealth. Natives had no role in the government which was pathetic. Even if they were chosen to represent the government, it was name sake. No power was left in the hands of the natives. They were puppets in the hands of colonizers. Cultural clashes were inevitable. Warfare and bloodshed was everywhere. Battles amongst colonizers and colonies became a constant. It became a way of life for the natives. Loss of culture and customs was another issue. When the colonizers took over, they made a lot cultures and customs illegal. It led to the loss of rather rich and artful customs that are lamented even today.

For example, when British captured India, they destroyed their native culture. A feeling of discrimination and prejudice was increased. British in India had set up “European Only” public places including gardens, pubs, railway stations and restaurants. The only Indians allowed to enter the premises were those who served the British customers. They were made to serve even the British dogs. British people were carried by the natives in wagons, they didn’t walk. Indians never got any payment for their work; they became poorer by the day. Indian good were forbidden so that they were forced to buy British good.

When the colonizers imported food, the demand of cash crops increased. Slowly, it led to famines in the colonized areas. People died of hunger and epidemic due to imperialism.

Though imperialism brought about employment, it never allowed the growth of traditional cultures. People were forced to do what the imperialists wanted of them. Everybody became a farmer or a server. White collar jobs were reserved only for the Imperialists. This set back the true development of the native land.

To project the kind of thinking people had regarding imperialism, I’d quote Hassan Nasrallah,
“So long as there is imperialism in the world, a permanent peace is impossible.”

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