Acid rain is a form of precipitation (rain, snow, or dry dust) that is acidic in nature. It constitutes air pollutants including two major components i.e, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide. These two gases react with the water droplets in the air to form sulfuric and nitric acid. When such droplets form the cloud and fall to the ground as a rain, the acid falls with it, thus, naming the precipitation an acid rain. The acid rain impacts the entire ecosystem including plants, aquatic animals, humans, and man-made infrastructure. Power stations, vehicles, and factories are prime causes of acid rain, as they produce sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide. In addition, two natural sources that boost these gases into the atmosphere are volcanic eruptions and lightning strikes. Being an air pollutant, these gases have the potential to reach miles away from its source and thus, endangers every country. Due to this reason, the governments across the world are working toward mitigating the impact of an acid rain by limiting and restricting the sources of gases causing acid rain.
Negative effects of acid rain
Numerous reports prove the direct and indirect impact of acid rain on the biotic and abiotic components of the ecosystem.
Prevent growth in forests
In the forests, the impact of acid rain is maximum on trees. The acid rain falling onto the forest penetrates to the soil and removes the nutrients and minerals from it. By doing so, it inhibits the growth of trees. At the same time, it adds harmful chemicals to the soil including aluminum and makes trees prone to diseases. Since the acid rain directly falls onto the leaves, it affects the photosynthesis in the plants and trees.
Endanger aquatic life
Acid rain affects the marine life to a great extent. The final destination of an acid rain is the water resources including lakes, seas, or oceans. With the acidic water falling into such resources, the pH value of the water changes. Different water resources on the earth have different pH value in addition to other important factors. Such acidification changes the composition of an indigenous water resource, causing a threat to the aquatic life and the entire marine ecosystem, where fishes feed on each other to survive. An extinction of one will lead to the disappearance of another, thus, killing the entire ecosystem.
Destroy buildings and structures
Acid rain causes a great damage to the buildings and structures constituting or made of marble, limestone, and sandstone. The most affected ones include monuments and statues. Also, the acid rain causes the corrosion of the steel structures such as bridges and railing.
The huge negative impact of acid rain on a country’s resources forces the government to spend an enormous amount in diminishing the side-effects. This leads to an unprofitable expenditure by the government, hurting numerous other sectors who need a fair share of the budget for their growth.
The impact of dry acid rain on a human health is more, as the increased air particulate matter in the atmosphere threatens heart and lungs in humans. And the wet acid rain indirectly complicates human health by acidifying drinking water resources. Several scientific studies have concluded asthma and heart diseases a prime effect of an acid rain.
An increasing number of the international conventions on pollution control shows that people and leaders are finally realizing the great threat these small particles in the air pose on the environment and human habitat. The governments across the world, must undertake certain measures such as encouraging the enhanced use of public transport to mitigate harmful gases from the private vehicles, liming the rivers and lakes by adding limestone to neutralize the water and the like. All these provisions and measures have shown positive results in many countries and are likely to prove beneficial for other countries too.Labels:https://yandex ru/clck/jsredir?from=yandex ru;search;web;;&text=&etext=1828 V0d4W31jn9Rog0OSNgcQOSnjyS7sEyQ8dRlg1-lgt---L0M0dzbAirJK2do459ltc6_8E130zwOLDv1RCppu2w 44b7534a0cba2a368a813bae4e8940ee1017d0ad&uuid=&state=_BLhILn4SxNIvvL0W45KSic, https://yandex ru/clck/jsredir?from=yandex ru;search;web;;&text=&etext=1822 sl99FzQSsWvkGcC-Ddy9dMB8biYJv0nzs7zagv6lEJSSyOohhilMHptLaf1XRo5RKtnWEMDKv_q8X_pAa7zsKw 36f6e8844103bc4e67c4368438008d4bc449eb0a&uuid=&state=_BLhILn4SxNIvvL0W45KSic, https://yandex ru/clck/jsredir?from=yandex ru;search;web;;&text=&etext=1825 cFc7UN5_gwM-7BMnNj7DZCLPf_HpHxCxxqOHdhAqbIynUVnnj1kqYqwbdhL68Snez9oBBT01sYsDtV2RdZKAxQ 5e05728e22957bb01960cc179da61872b318739a&uuid=&state=_BLhILn4SxNIvvL0W45KSic, https://yandex ru/clck/jsredir?from=yandex ru;search;web;;&text=&etext=1825 E6wxsRiQN5lli7xzyiNVAu-D3mWX_crM9pRGu0Fw_QsInUv3o9Y58ofDasuepBN5SSTj_LbeyIDVWlyOOkIyqw 88a158218d006be9716ce5f065c2545f9acc2314&uuid=&state=_BLhILn4SxNIvvL0W45KSic, https://yandex ru/clck/jsredir?from=yandex ru;search;web;;&text=&etext=1825 KrBCic6ZY7P0SO93AJs4cVTEcLktLaL3PipXuwHo7QLytRmDcNYtJ16hvYu-1_JIHZXV9MQrpMDmsO2jq4SCtA 93a971f6a2cd3890587bb06e1e4deb07df6f8677&uuid=&state=_BLhILn4SxNIvvL0W45KSic, https://yandex ru/clck/jsredir?from=yandex ru;search;web;;&text=&etext=1826 V5-d4buYMPTqkLgXniDXyFCSrOPfE-lnCt2P6itBrqJF1GavqEcnL_iEbZFpzOvSN9vHWlU7WB0yBdFSB5Rs9A bfd08c1e1758e70e72421f6e2d2af3627f92a435&uuid=&state=_BLhILn4SxNIvvL0W45KSic,